Habitual Buying Behaviour

Habitual buying behaviour occurs under conditions of low consumer involvement and little significant brand difference. For example, take salt. Consumers have little involvement in this product category - they simply go to the store and reaeh for a brand. If they keep reaching for the same brand, it is out of habit rather than strong brand loyalty. Consumers appear to have low involvement with most low-cost, frequently purchased products.

Consumers do not search extensively for information about the brands, evaluate brand characteristics and make weighty decisions about which brands to buy.

Instead, they passively receive information as they watch television or read magazines. Ad repetition creates brand familiarity rather than brand conviction. Consumers do not form strong attitudes towards a brand; they select the brand because it is familiar and may not evaluate the choice even after purchase.

Because buyers arc not highly committed to any brands, marketers of low-involvement products with few brand differences often use price and sales promotions to stimulate product trial. Gaining distribution and attention at the point of sale is critical. In advertising for a low-involvement product, ad copy should stress only a few key points. Visual symbols and imagery are important because they can be remembered easily and associated with the brand. Ad campaigns should include high repetition of short-duration messages. Television is usually more effective than print media because it is a low-Involvement medium suitable for passive learning. Advertising planning should be based on classical conditioning theory, in which buyers learn to identify a certain product, by a symbol repeatedly attached to it.

Products can be linked to some involving personal situation. Nestle did this in a recent series of ads for Gold Blend coffee, each consisting of a new soap-operalike episode featuring the evolving romantic relationship between neighbours, Sharon and Tony. Nestie's success in doing this contrasts with the tea market in the United Kingdom where, although it is the national drink, sales promotions dominate sales.

Variety-Seeking Buying Behaviour

Consumers undertake variety-seeking buying behaviour in situations characterized by low consumer involvement, but significant perceived brand differences. In such cases, consumers often do a lot of brand switching. For example, when purchasing biscuits, a consumer may hold some beliefs, choose a biscuit without much evaluation, then evaluate that brand during consumption. But the next time, the consumer might pick another brand out of boredom or simply to try something different. Brand switching occurs for the sake of variety rather than because of dissatisfaction.

In such product categories, the marketing strategy may differ for the market leader and minor brands. The market leader will try to encourage habitual buying behaviour by dominating shelf space, avoiding out-of-stock conditions and running frequent reminder advertising. Challenger firms will encourage variety seeking by offering lower prices, deals, coupons, free samples and advertising that presents reasons for trying something new.

varicty-seeking buying behaviour Consumerbuying bdiaviour in situations characterized by low consumer involvement, but significant perceived brand differences.

The Buyer Decision Process

Most large companies research consumer buying decisions in great detail to answer questions about what consumers buy, where they buy, how and how much they buy, when they buy and why they buy. Marketers can study consumer purchases to find answers to questions about what they buy, where and how much. But learning about the whys of consumer buying behaviour and the buying decision process is not so easy - the answers are often locked within the consumer's head.

We will examine the stages that buyers pass through to reach a buying decision. We will use the model in Figure 6.6, which shows the consumer as passing through five stages: need recognition, information search, evaluation of alternatives, purchase decision and postpurchase behaviour. Clearly the buying process starts long before actual purchase and continues long after. This encourages

Five Stage Reach Buying Decision
Figure 6.6

Buyer decision process the marketer to focus on the entire buying process rather than just the purchase decision.

This model implies that consumers pass through all five stages with every purchase. But in more routine purchases, consumers often skip or reverse some of these stages. A woman buying her regular brand of toothpaste would recognize the need and go right to the purchase decision, skipping information search and evaluation. However, we use the model in Figure 6.6 because it shows all the considerations that arise when a consumer faces a new and complex purchase situation.

To illustrate this model, we return to Anna Flores and try to understand how she became interested in buying a camera and the stages she went through to make the final choice.

need recognition

The first stage of the buyer decision process in which the consumer recognizes a problem or need.

information searoli The stage of the buyer decision process in which the consumer is aroused to search for more information; the consumer may simply Itave heightened attention or may go into active information search.

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Responses

  • erno
    Why habitual buying behavior?
    7 years ago
  • Patricia
    How do you encourage habitual buying behaviour?
    6 years ago
  • Amy
    What is suitable for habitual buying decision a) sale promotion at?
    6 years ago
  • TRANQUILLO
    What is the difference in a routine purchase and a habitual purchase?
    6 years ago
  • bernardo
    Do new product promotes habitual buying?
    6 years ago
  • HEIKE
    Are cosmetics routine or habitual buys?
    6 years ago
  • bernice smith
    What is habitual purchasing?
    5 years ago
  • shelly
    Is biscuits a habitual buying behavior?
    2 years ago

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