The United States leads the world in annual R&D expenditures ($74 billion), but nearly 60 percent of these funds are still earmarked for defense. There is a need to transfer more of this money into research on material science, biotechnology, and microme-chanics. Japan has increased its R&D expenditures much faster than has the United States and is spending it mostly on nondefense-related research in physics, biophysics, and computer science.29
A growing portion of U.S. R&D expenditures is going into the development side of R&D, raising concerns about whether the United States can maintain its lead in basic science. Many companies are content to put their money into copying competitors' products and making minor feature and style improvements. Even basic-research companies such as DuPont, Bell Laboratories, and Pfizer are proceeding cautiously. Much of the research is defensive rather than offensive. And, increasingly, research directed toward major breakthroughs is being conducted by consortiums of companies rather than by single companies.
Was this article helpful?
People who struggle with saving money and getting out of debt will find these things in common: They don't know how to stop blaming. They have no idea where their money needs to go! They don't know they need to forget the home equity line. They also don't understand they need to sell some investments. Many more problems untold. Well don't worry, With the strategies that I’m about to let you in on , you will have no problems when it comes to understanding how to get out of credit card debt.