Note: Based on a three-week flight. *Recommended.

Note: Based on a three-week flight. *Recommended.

various media mixes for TV and radio at different TRPs, with reach and frequency estimates, the number of people reached three or more times, and the costs. The program has determined that a mix of 125 TRPs on TV and 150 TRPs on radio would result in the best buy. Keep in mind that this recommendation considers only the most efficient combination of quantifiable factors and does not allow for the art of media buying.

Figure 10-28 shows just one of the many examples of how computer programs are being used in media strategy development. Other computer-based media planning programs are available; the following list is just a small sample:

• ADplus provides for media planning, reach and frequency analysis, media mix information, budgeting, and more.

• Adware provides Arbitron and Nielsen information, calculates media costs, projects GRPs, and more.

• DSI (Datatrak Systems, Inc.) provides integrated systems for a full range of agency functions, from media and production to planning, buying, billing, and traffic. Software programs include Spot Media Datatrak, Network Media Datatrak, Print Media Datatrak, and Print Analysis Datatrak.

• IMS offers a fully integrated suite of software that performs market analysis, target identification, print and broadcast planning, and more. It also provides access to over 600 databases, including syndicated and proprietary, media and marketing, consumer, trade, domestic, and international data.

• Media Plan, Inc., offers multimedia planning, reach and frequency, and flowchart tools. Software includes Manas (flowchart), MultiReach, and MediaPlan RollUp.

• Media Control by Control G Software has a Print Media Control Module and Broadcast Media Control. The software packages help to manage media planning by controlling deadlines, station and spot mix, contract usage, and much more.

• Strata Marketing, Inc. provides Windows-based TV and radio prebuy and postbuy software systems. Programs include StrataView Radio, StrataView TV, StrataView Buy Management System, and Q-View.

• Tapscan uses syndicated data useful in radio media planning, including ratings data and reach and frequency analysis.

• MRI+ contains MRI research, rate card data, and ABC and BPA figures for 5,700 consumer and trade magazines.

• Telmar allows planners to analyze media data, devise media plans, and create flowcharts. It is linked to major syndicated data services.

• TVscan provides information like Tapscan's for TV.

• TV Conquest combines Nielsen, Donnelley, and Simmons data to provide demographic, product usage, and ratings information.

In addition to these, media models have been developed to show the effects of media selection on advertising responses:

1. Evaluation models are exposure distribution models that estimate the reach and frequency of media vehicles on the basis of probability theories.

2. Allocation models are comprehensive models used to optimize advertising budget allocation.

3. Interaction models consider the interaction effects between copy and media selection in predicting advertising effects.

Unfortunately, these models also have weaknesses that limit their adoption.13 The one area where computers have not yet provided a direct benefit is in the evaluation stage of the media plan. While these programs do generate what they consider to be optimal TRP, GRP, and media mixes and allow for pre- and postbuy analyses, the true test is what happens when the plan is implemented. We reserve our discussion of the evaluation process for Chapter 19, on measuring effectiveness.

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